Internal Feng Shui Basics

When it comes to Internal Feng Shui, the direction a property faces is the IMMEDIATE factor that each and every Feng Shui practitioner looks at.red_bed

Internal Feng Shui


The direction it faces is important because it determines the ‘type’ of property and therefore establishes the basis for any further evaluations.

After establishing what direction it faces and once a to-scale diagram of the property layout has been provided (together with the year the property was moved into for the first time).

It is easy to determine both the good locations and directions of the property, by applying 2 basic internal evaluation methods: Ba Zhai and Xuan Kong Fei Xing.

Information regarding the Ch’i distribution throughout the property, which has been obtained in the above manner, is always supplemented with other information.

They is based on the date of birth of the occupants, thereby providing a personal note to every consultation. A particular property may be good, but we are always interested in whether it is also good for specific people.

During the process of internal evaluation, the influence of external factors should not be neglected, as external features have an effect on the overall internal distribution of energy – Ch’i – altering certain patterns and changing their basic qualities long term.

Feng Shui internal basics – Facing

Apply Internal Feng Shui evaluation formulas, it is necessary to determine the direction the property faces.

This is basically the front side of the property, i.e. the side where the energy is most active (Yang). The ‘facing side’ may correspond with the main road, an unobstructed view, the main entrance etc…

For property that comes with land, it is relatively easy to determine the direction it faces, as in most cases it coincides with the direction the main door faces.

In apartment block complexes, determining the facing side is often not so easy. We need to look at the configuration of the land, the view, the building façade, the position of the main gate and main entrance(s), the proximity of busy streets etc…

Usually, the facing side has a balcony and lots of windows, in addition to the living room. However, the front facing of the building does not necessarily have to coincide with the facing direction of the main door.

For more info about Facing, read my Article How to determine the Facing

Locations & Directions

Feng Shui, is mostly about Good and Bad, Location and Direction. Generally, Location will precede Direction (though we must know the direction in order to determine the Location), so it is more important to spend time in a good location, than to face a good direction. Of course the ideal situation is having both – a good location AND good direction!

Internal Ch’i Flow Evaluation Methods

8 Mansions (Ba Zhai)

This is the most common method for the evaluation of Location and Direction.
As the name of the method suggests, there are eight types of Mansions, each deriving its name from the governing Trigram (Qian, Kun, Kan, Li, Zhen, Dui, Gen and Xun).

There are four East and four West types of Mansions.
The East Mansions are North, South, South-East and East.
The West Mansions are West, South-West, North-East and North-West.
In every EAST building (East House Gua), the most auspicious Locations and Directions are East, South-East, South and North.
In every WEST building (West House Gua), the most auspicious Locations and Directions are West, South-West, North-West and North-East.

House Gua
Auspicious Locations Auspicious Locations
North SE E S N North W NE NW SW
East S N SE E East SW NW NE W
South E SE N S South NE W SW NW
Southeast N S E SE Southeast NW SW W NE
West NW SW NE W West N S SE E
Northwest W NE SW NW Northwest SE E N S
Northeast SW NW W NE Northeast S N E SE
Southwest NE W NW SW Southwest E SE S N

Getting Personal: 8 Mansions vs. Life Gua

The Life Gua method is derived from the ‘8 Mansions’ formula.

According to their birth year, people are in this system are divided into two groups:

  • East Life Gua (East Group People)
  • West Life Gua (West Group People)

Each Life Gua has four good, and four bad directions.

  • The four good directions are: Sheng Qi,Tian YiYan Nian,Fu Wei
  • The four bad directions are: Jue Ming,Liu Sha,Wu Gui,Ho Hai

The ideal situation is being able match your Life Gua with your House Gua, although this is not obligatory. This means that people born in certain (West Life Gua) years should preferably live in West House Guas.

Life Gua: Personal Good and Bad Directions

The first step in getting your Personal Direction is calculation of your Life Gua (life trigram). How to calculate your Life Gua:

  • Write down your birth year.
  • Add together last two digits (of your birth year).
  • If you get two-digit number, add those numbers again, until you get single-digit number.
  • If you are a MALE, subtract that number from 10.
  • If you are FEMALE, add the number to 5
  • The new number is your LIFE GUA (number).
  • However, the exception is with number 5; instead of number 5, males should use number 2, females 8.
  • Mind that the Chinese Solar Year begins on February 4th; so if you are born before this date, take the previous year as your birth year.


Example 1: male, born in March, 1961
Life Gua of this male is 3, Zhen.


Example 2: female, born in March, 1961
Life Gua of this female is 3, Zhen.


Personal Directions table
Auspicious Personal Directions Inauspicious Personal Directions
1-Kan SE E S N 1-Kan W NE NW SW
3-Zhen S N SE E 3-Zhen SW NW NE W
9-Li E SE N S 9-Li NE W SW NW
4-Xun N S E SE 4-Xun NW SW W NE
7-Dui NW SW NE W 7-Dui N S SE E
6-Quian W NE SW NW 6-Quian SE E N S
8-Gen SW NW W NE 8-Gen S N E SE
2-Kun NE W NW SW 2-Kun E SE S N

Flying Stars (Xuan Kong Fei Xing)

To plot the Flying Star Chart of a building, we need to know the exact degree of the direction the property faces, as well as the period in which the property was first inhabited.

In Xuan Kong Feng Shui, there are three cycles and nine periods. After applying the Flying Star Chart to the building’s to-scale layout diagram, we will be able to spot certain Ch’i patterns, which are unique to this specific property.

Various Flying Star combinations are able to tell us more about the Ch’i quality of the designated area.

Whether the combination is active or passive depends of the openings within the property – doors and windows – the surrounding landscape and whether the area is used on a daily basis or just from time to time.

Based on Ba Zhai and the Flying Stars map of the property, we are able to suggest the ideal room (or office) arrangement, together with furniture placement.

By combining these two methods, it is also possible to calculate the best direction for each person.

Furthermore, we are able to select the optimum directions based on the activity that will take place at the property, i.e. we’d choose more Yang and active directions for work, while selecting more calming and rest-inducing directions for sleep (where possible).

The precision in defining favorable personal directions in this situation is up to 15 degrees. However, in some other advanced Xuan Kong methods, it is possible to find both locations and directions with a precision of just one degree!

The Xuan Kong Fei Xing (Flying Stars) method is time sensitive, due to the fact that certain stars are most active and beneficial during the reign of related period. Every new period brings new influences (we are currently in Period 8 which will end by the beginning of 2014), which affect and alter the existing Ch’i map.

However, this system also offers the opportunity of being able to change the period in a deliberate and planned manner. The process of changing the period is usually referred to as ‘’Changing Heaven’s Heart’’, which requires replacing the roof, floor and re-hanging the door. However, there are some masters who claim that the period can also be changed by performing a significant reconstruction and/or addition… and others claim that the period changes when new occupants move into a property which has not been previously used for some time.

For more info about Flying Stars, search in the Articles & Tips section
To calculate Flying Stars chart of your property, go for Calculators

The three basic parameters of good internal Feng Shui:
The Door, Bed & Stove

To create favorable Feng Shui, we need to examine the placement and orientation of the three basic parameters of internal Feng Shui – the main entrance, bed and stove.

The best possible option would be to have all three placed in favorable locations while also providing the best possible personal directions for the occupants.

Either way, we try to make the most of whatever is at our disposal, avoiding awkward angles and aiming to place our bed and stove in the most favorable directions, while taking care to line them up with the walls.

Even if someone is not using actual front door much, their position and location still affects the property, both residential and commercial.
Some people are confused and can not determine which door is the front one.
In such cases, the answer lies in overall design and architectural main door solution (front door is the door through which visitors are most likely to enter the premises).

The main door

The position of the main door is very important in Feng Shui, as doors represent the main Qi Mouth of the property, i.e. the entry point for incoming energy.

The location of the main door, and its orientation, represent the most important components of good Feng Shui.

For residential properties, the aim of a Classical Feng Shui practitioner is to ensure the main entrance is placed in a good location, while simultaneously achieving a favorable orientation (the door facing should conform to the favorable directions of the occupants of the property).

In certain cases, the main entrance will be recognized while examining the overall architectural design of the property.


As the most internal and intimate component of our home, bed placement and orientation affects both our health and relationships. In general, the best location for the main bedroom is furthest away from the front door (preferably diagonally opposite the entrance), where Ch’i is the most settled. Preferably our bed should be in a good location, and its orientation should conform to the adequate favorable directions of the occupants.


As the source of family nourishment, the kitchen is also known as the place where blood and Ch’i are generated. In traditional Feng Shui, the kitchen is related to both health and wealth Ch’i – for being healthy is the prerequisite for working efficiently and achieving better results. The kitchen should be placed in one of the more unfavorable locations, but the stove should face the favorable personal directions of the occupants.

Read more about: Feng Shui 2017

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